Following independence in 1991, the Ukrainian government introduced the national rules for transliteration of geographic names from Ukrainian into English.
This has established the use of the spelling Kyiv in all official documents issued by the governmental authorities since October 1995.
Boryslav Bereza Viktor Chumak (BPP) Andriy Illyenko (SV) Oleksandr Suprunenko Andriy Biletsky Volodymyr Ariev (BPP) Oleksandr Tretiakov (BPP) Vyacheslav Konstantinovskiy (PF) Leonid Yemets (PF) Dmytro Andrievsky (BPP) Yuri Levchenko (SV) Kiev is an important industrial, scientific, educational, and cultural centre of Eastern Europe.
It is home to many high-tech industries, higher education institutions and world-famous historical landmarks.
Following the collapse of the Soviet Union and Ukrainian independence in 1991, Kiev remained the capital of Ukraine and experienced a steady migration influx of ethnic Ukrainians from other regions of the country.
On the 1650 map by Guillaume de Beauplan, the name of the city is Kiiow, and the region was named Kÿowia.
In the book Travels, by Joseph Marshall (London, 1772), the city is referred to as Kiovia.
The origin of the city is obscured by legends, one of which tells about a founding-family consisting of a Slavic tribe (Polans) leader Kyi, the eldest, his brothers Shchek and Khoryv, and also their sister Lybid, who founded the city (The Primary Chronicle).
According to it the name Kyiv/Kiev means to "belong to Kyi".